Fedora - minimal

The template only weighs about 300 MB and has only the most vital packages installed, including a minimal X and xterm installation. The minimal template, however, can be easily extended to fit your requirements. The sections below contain the instructions on duplicating the template and provide some examples for commonly desired use cases.

Installation

The Fedora minimal template can be installed with the following command:

[user@dom0 ~]$ sudo qubes-dom0-update qubes-template-fedora-25-minimal

The download may take a while depending on your connection speed.

Duplication and first steps

It is higly recommended to clone the original template, and make any changes in the clone instead of the original template. The following command clones the template. Replace your-new-clone with your desired name.

[user@dom0 ~]$ qvm-clone fedora-25-minimal your-new-clone

You must start the template in order to customize it. A recommended first step is to install the sudo package, which is not installed by default in the minimal template:

[user@your-new-clone ~]$ su -
[user@your-new-clone ~]$ dnf install sudo

Customization

Customizing the template for specific use cases normally only requires installing additional packages. The following table provides an overview of which packages are needed for which purpose.

As expected, the required packages are to be installed in the running template with the following command. Replace “packages` with a space-delimited list of packages to be installed.

[user@your-new-clone ~]$ sudo dnf install packages
Use case Description Required steps
Standard utilities If you need the commonly used utilities Install the following packages: pciutils vim-minimal less psmisc gnome-keyring
FirewallVM You can use the minimal template as a FirewallVM, such as the basis template for sys-firewall No extra packages are needed for the template to work as a firewall.
NetVM You can use this template as the basis for a NetVM such as sys-net Install the following packages: NetworkManager NetworkManager-wifi network-manager-applet wireless-tools dbus-x11 dejavu-sans-fonts tinyproxy notification-daemon gnome-keyring.
NetVM (extra firmware) If your network devices need extra packages for the template to work as a network VM Use the lspci command to identify the devices, then run dnf search firmware (replace firmware with the appropriate device identifier) to find the needed packages and then install them.
Network utilities If you need utilities for debugging and analyzing network connections Install the following packages: tcpdump telnet nmap nmap-ncat
USB If you want USB input forwarding to use this template as the basis for a USB qube such as sys-usb Install qubes-input-proxy-sender
VPN You can use this template as basis for a VPN qube Use the dnf search "NetworkManager VPN plugin" command to look up the VPN packages you need, based on the VPN technology you’ll be using, and install them. Some GNOME related packages may be needed as well. After creation of a machine based on this template, follow the VPN howto to configure it.
DVM Template If you want to use this VM as a DVM Template Install perl-Encode

Logging

The rsyslog logging service is not installed by default, as all logging is instead being handled by the systemd journal. Users requiring the rsyslog service should install it manually.

To access the journald log, use the journalctl command.