Disk Troubleshooting Guide
“Out of disk space” error
If the disk is completely full, you will get an
Out of disk space error that may crash your system because Dom0 does not have enough disk space to work.
So it’s good practice to regularly check disk space usage.
df -h command in dom0 terminal will show some information, but not include all the relevant details.
The Qubes user interface provides a disk space widget.
If you are unable to access the interface, the command line version is running
sudo lvs | head and looking at top entry for LVM pool.
LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Meta% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert pool00 qubes_dom0 twi-aotz-- 453.17g 89.95 69.78 root qubes_dom0 Vwi-aotz-- 453.17g pool00 5.87 swap qubes_dom0 -wi-ao---- 7.57g
If you run
df -h, it only shows the information in the
root line (which is already included in the
As you can see, the
sudo lvs | head command includes additional important columns
Meta%, shown in the above example to have the values 89% and 69% respectively.
If your system is able to boot, but cannot load a desktop environment, it is possible to login to dom0 terminal with Alt + Ctrl + F2.
If this does not work, check the size of /var/lib/qubes/qubes.xml. If it is zero, you’ll need to use one of the file backup (stored in /var/lib/qubes/backup), hopefully you have the current data there. Find the most recent one and place in /var/lib/qubes/qubes.xml instead of the empty file.
In any case you’ll need some disk space to start the VM. Check
df -h output if you have some.
If not, here are some hints how to free some disk space:
Clean yum cache.
sudo dnf clean all
.imgfiles of a less important VM, which can be found in
/var/lib/qubes/appvms/. Then, when the system is working again, clean up the rest.
With this method, you lose the data of one VM, but it’ll work more reliably.
Decrease the filesystem safety margin (5% by default).
sudo tune2fs -m 4 /dev/mapper/vg_dom0-lv_root
Remove some unneeded files in dom0 home (if you have any, most likely not). Also look for unneeded files in
/var/login dom0, and
The above steps applies to old VM disks format. These steps may work on Qubes 4.0, but are not default anymore. By default, Qubes 4.0 now uses LVM. The equivalent steps are:
Get a list of VM disks using
sudo lvremove qubes_dom0/<name>to remove backup copies of some less important VMs – entries with
-backin their name.
If that isn’t enough, remove actual disks of less important VMs. NOTE: You will lose the data of that VM, but your system will resume working.
$ sudo lvs LV VG Attr LSize Pool Origin Data% Meta% Move Log Cpy%Sync Convert pool00 qubes_dom0 twi-aotz-- 453.17g 89.95 69.78 root qubes_dom0 Vwi-aotz-- 453.17g pool00 5.87 swap qubes_dom0 -wi-ao---- 7.57g (...) vm-d10test-private qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 2.00g pool00 vm-d10test-private-1600961860-back 29.27 vm-d10test-private-1600961860-back qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 2.00g pool00 4.87 vm-d10test-standalone-private qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 2.00g pool00 vm-d10test-standalone-private-1580772439-back 4.90 vm-d10test-standalone-private-1580772439-back qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 2.00g pool00 4.87 vm-d10test-standalone-root qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 10.00g pool00 vm-d10test-standalone-root-1580772439-back 43.37 vm-d10test-standalone-root-1580772439-back qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 10.00g pool00 42.05 vm-debian-10-my-private qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 2.00g pool00 4.96 vm-debian-10-my-root qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 10.00g pool00 vm-debian-10-my-root-1565013689-back 57.99 vm-debian-10-my-root-1565013689-back qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 10.00g pool00 56.55 vm-debian-10-private qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 2.00g pool00 4.94 vm-debian-10-root qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 10.00g pool00 vm-debian-10-root-1601126126-back 93.44 vm-debian-10-root-1601126126-back qubes_dom0 Vwi-a-tz-- 10.00g pool00 88.75 (...) $ sudo lvremove qubes_dom0/vm-d10test-standalone-root-1580772439-back Do you really want to remove and DISCARD active logical volume qubes_dom0/vm-d10test-standalone-root-1580772439-back? [y/n]: y Logical volume "vm-d10test-standalone-root-1580772439-back" successfully removed
After freeing some initial space, it may be possible to recover more space by deleting files in a userVM after connecting to the userVM terminal:
qvm-start <VMname> qvm-console-dispvm <VMname>
qvm-console-dispvm requires working graphical user interface login, you must first free enough space to be able to start a VM and login to graphical UI.
Can’t resize VM storage / “resize2fs: Permission denied” error
Resizing a volume in the Qubes interface should be a straightforward process.
But sometimes, an attempt to resize will look like it worked, when it in fact fails silently.
If you then try the same operation in the dom0 console using the
qvm-volume extend command, it fails with the error message:
resize2fs: Permission denied to resize filesystem.
This error indicates that a
resize2fs will not work, unless
fsck is run first.
Qubes OS utilities cannot yet handle this case.
To fix this issue:
In the dom0 terminal get a root console on the vm (eg. sys-usb) with:
Unmount everything mounted on the private volume
/dev/xvdb partition. There are typically several mounts listed in
When you attempt to unmount the
/homedirectory using the
umount /homecommand, you will encounter an error because there are processes using the
/homedirectory. You can view a list of these processes with the
fuser -m /home
Kill these process until they are all gone using
kill <process ID>.
umount /home fsck /dev/xvdb resize2fs /dev/xvdb
After restarting your VM, everything should now work as expected. The private volume size shown externally in the VM’s settings interface is the same as that seen within the VM.